The following modules perform special procedures required to perform processing of VSP data.
Along with all these models, Geocluster modules are used for signal processing: selection of a signal with the noise on the background.
This module rotates axes of the two horizontal orthogonal component borehole seismic data while the device is not set.
The module sets the angle of rotation in a horizontal plane within a predetermined gate for issuing route X, transverse component with maximum energy, and Y – radial component with minimal energy, orthogonal X.
Polarization analysis due to multi-component VSP data. Linearity factor,and two angles of the largest principal axis (azimuth, angle of incidence).are calculated from the covariants of the running window.
Calculation of downhole coordinates. Data dependence about the inclination of the well, the program calculates the relative coordinates corresponding to seismic observations.
Modeling and Inversion of the angled seismic profile.
Two-dimensional depth migration according to Kirchhoff for VSP data. BHEAD module is intended for two-dimensional scalar depth migration of VSP data. It is based on the generalized Kirchhoff integral, which means that the module can be applied to data acquired using any observing systems encountered in practice. Information is needed about the seismic velocities in the studied section same way as it works for other migration programs.
The module is designed for the separation of P- and S-waves on the apparent velocity
Parametric separation of different lines of correction (the result is similar to the previous one).
Velocity P- and S compliance.
The calculation of the vertical travel time of the wave.
The separation of waves P / S on multicomponent of VSP data. It decomposes plane-wave signals in the frequency domain to separate P and S waves. For this purpose, the vector information from the vertical (Z) and the horizontal line (HR) components is applied.
Basic libraries used for the treatment of borehole seismic data.
- LIBRI AZ – Library of azimuths of perpendicular waves S1 and S2 for 3 component data (attributes of azimuthal anisotropy)
- LIBRI SE – Library describing different types of waves.
- LIBRI VS – Definition of travel-time inversion in the multi-wavelength VSP.